What is Mono and its Symptoms?
Mono, short for infectious mononucleosis, is a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It is also commonly referred to as the “kissing disease” since it is often spread through saliva. Mono can affect anyone, but it is most common in teenagers and young adults.
The symptoms of mono can vary from person to person but often include:
- Extreme fatigue
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
- Skin rash
These symptoms can last for several weeks, and some people may experience additional symptoms like jaundice or an enlarged spleen. If you suspect you have mono, it’s important to see a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.
Different Tests for Mono
There are a few different tests that healthcare providers may use to diagnose mono. These tests include:
Monospot Test: This is a blood test that looks for antibodies in your blood that are specific to the Epstein-Barr virus. It can usually detect the virus within the first week of symptoms.
Epstein-Barr Virus Antibody Test: This blood test looks for antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus. It can differentiate between current and past infections, as well as determine the stage of the infection.
Complete Blood Count (CBC): A CBC is a blood test that measures the levels of different blood cells, including white blood cells. People with mono often have an elevated white blood cell count.
Liver Function Tests: These tests measure the levels of enzymes in your blood that are produced by your liver. In some cases, mono can cause liver inflammation and these enzymes may be elevated.
Your healthcare provider may recommend one or more of these tests based on your symptoms and medical history. It’s important to follow your provider’s recommendations and to be honest about your symptoms and any potential exposures to the virus.
Preparation for Mono Testing
If you suspect that you have mono and are preparing for testing, there are a few things you can do to help ensure accurate results:
Provide a thorough medical history: Be sure to tell your healthcare provider about any symptoms you are experiencing and any recent exposures to the virus. This can help guide which tests are ordered and how to interpret the results.
Avoid eating or drinking anything except water for at least 6 hours before a blood test: This can help ensure accurate results on certain tests.
Follow any instructions given by your healthcare provider: Depending on the type of test being performed, you may need to avoid certain medications or activities before the test.
Prepare emotionally: Receiving a diagnosis of mono can be stressful, so it’s important to prepare yourself emotionally for the possibility of a positive result. Consider reaching out to a support system or mental health professional if you feel overwhelmed.
By preparing for testing in these ways, you can help ensure accurate results and better manage any potential diagnosis.
Interpreting Mono Test Results
The interpretation of mono test results will depend on the type of test that was performed. Here are some possible outcomes:
Positive monospot test: A positive result means that antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus were detected in your blood. This suggests that you have an active infection of mono.
Positive Epstein-Barr virus antibody test: A positive result means that you have been exposed to the virus at some point in the past. However, it does not necessarily mean that you currently have an active infection.
Elevated white blood cell count on a CBC: This is a nonspecific finding that can be seen in many infections, including mono.
Elevated liver enzymes: This suggests that there may be liver inflammation, which can be a complication of mono.
It’s important to remember that test results are just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to diagnosing and managing mono. Your healthcare provider will take into account your symptoms, medical history, and physical exam findings when interpreting test results and developing a treatment plan. If you have questions or concerns about your test results, be sure to discuss them with your healthcare provider.
Next Steps After Receiving Mono Test Results
If you receive a positive diagnosis for mono, there are a few things you can do to manage the infection:
Get plenty of rest: Mono can cause extreme fatigue, so it’s important to give your body time to rest and recover.
Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids to help keep your body hydrated and to alleviate symptoms like sore throat and headache.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers: Medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help alleviate symptoms like fever and muscle aches.
Avoid contact sports: Mono can cause an enlarged spleen, which can rupture if you participate in contact sports. Avoid these activities until your healthcare provider clears you to return.
Follow up with your healthcare provider: Depending on the severity of your symptoms and any potential complications, your healthcare provider may recommend additional monitoring or treatment.
It’s also important to avoid close contact with others, especially during the first few weeks of the infection when the virus is most contagious. Wash your hands frequently and avoid sharing utensils or personal items like towels or toothbrushes.
Most people with mono recover fully within a few weeks to a few months. However, in rare cases, complications like liver inflammation or a ruptured spleen can occur. If you experience worsening symptoms or have concerns about your recovery, be sure to contact your healthcare provider.